Ant Coloring Pages and Amazing Ant Facts

Here are seven ant coloring pages and a handy list of amazing ant facts.  There are also links to  more free coloring pages and classroom resources below.

Your students can work on a comprehension sheet about ant facts, write an ant story based on an accompanying illustration, help an ant work his way through a complex maze that leads to picnic food or answer questions that relate to an ant's personal experiences.

20 Amazing Ant Facts
Read these to your class while they color in one of the ant coloring pages above.

1. The majority of ants that we see are sterile wingless females. Most colonies only use a few males (drones) and one, or sometimes two, queens for reproduction.  

2. Males and Queens are easy to spot.  They both have wings.  Males are the same size as worker ants (or smaller).  The queen is larger than all the other ants in the nest.

3. Ant colonies are sometimes called super organisms because they act as if they are a single living creature.  In the same way that cells group together to form a body, ants group together to form a colony.

4. The only places that don't have ants are Antarctica and a few remote islands. 

5. Termites, often called white ants, are not ants at all and are more closely related to cockroaches.

continued below....

Ant Coloring Page Activity Idea

Ask your students to answer the following questions. This can be done as a class discussion, a small group work activity or individually with written answers.

Who is the ant on this ant coloring page? 

Imagine he is inviting you to come over and visit his home. 

Write a short story explaining what happened. 

How did you get small enough to get inside his house? 

What was it like inside? 

What did he give you to eat and drink? 

What did you like about his home?  What didn't you like about his home? 

What was his family like?


20 Amazing Ant Facts continued

 
6. There are more than 12,000 known species. However,some scientists estimate that there could be another 10 000 undiscovered varieties living in tropical regions.

7. Ants have an exoskeleton instead of bones.  An exoskeleton is a hard shell like covering that protects and supports the body.

8. They don't have lungs.  Oxygen and other gases pass through tiny valves in their exoskeleton called spiracles.

9.  Ants have two compound eyes which are made up of thousands of lenses. They also have three smaller one lens eyes on the top of their head.

10. Antennae (feelers) attached to the head are used to detect chemicals, air currents and vibrations.  They are also used to transmit and receive signals through touch.

11. In some species a small pocket  inside the mouth stores food  The food is passed to other ants or their larvae.

12.  A hooked claw at the end of each leg helps ants to climb and hang onto surfaces.

13. The life of an ant starts from an egg.  If the egg is fertilised, the progeny will be female, if it is not it will be male.

14.  A new worker spends the first few days of its adult life caring for the queen and young. It then graduates to digging and other nest work.  Later in its life it defends the nest and searches for food.

15. The females of many species are known to be capable of reproducing asexually and one species the Mycocepurus smithii is known to be all-female.

16. The queens can live for up to 30 years, and workers live from 1 to 3 years. Males, however, live only a few weeks. 


17. In large groups, a forager that finds food makes a scent trail on the way back to the colony. This trail is followed by other ants who reinforce it when they return with food to the colony.

18. A crushed ant emits an alarm scent that sends nearby ants into an attack frenzy. 

19. Some species use "propaganda scents" that confuse enemy ants and make them fight among themselves.

20. Bullet ants,  located in Central and South America, are considered to have the most painful sting of any insect.  However, it is not usually fatal.

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